Posts for tag: flat feet
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition that is similar to the wrist condition called carpal tunnel syndrome, with which many people are familiar, except the tarsal tunnel is located near the ankle bones where thick ligament tissue encloses the nerves, tendons, arteries, and veins that supply the foot. When this tissue becomes constricted or compressed, the resulting pressure on the posterior tibial nerve causes pain, numbness, or a burning sensation that is felt on the bottom of the foot or on the inward side of the ankle and it may come on suddenly.
Causes of tarsal tunnel syndrome
Injuries such as ankle sprains and strains that occur near the tunnel can cause inflammation that compresses the nerve. People who have flat feet and are subject to an outward rolling of the foot are more susceptible to strain and compression of the tarsal tunnel. Systemic diseases such as inflammatory arthritis and diabetes can also contribute to nerve compression problems. There is also the possibility that an obstruction is pressing on the nerve inside the tunnel. This could be from a swollen tendon, ganglion cyst, or varicose vein, among other possibilities.
Diagnosing and treating tarsal tunnel syndrome
Your foot doctor will make an assessment regarding your loss of feeling and burning sensations, and it may be necessary to perform advanced imaging studies to confirm that the loss of feeling isn’t caused by a growth inside the tunnel.
Conservative treatments may include:
- Resting and icing the foot to reduce inflammation and promote healing.
- Taking ibuprofen to relieve pain and swelling.
- Immobilizing the foot with a cast or boot to allow the nerve and tissues to heal.
- Physical therapy.
- Ultrasound treatments are often effective.
- Custom fitted orthotic inserts and supportive shoes can provide arch support and decrease movements that may contribute to nerve compression.
- A foot brace may be required to redistribute pressure.
Surgery may be necessary in severe cases and, left untreated, tarsal tunnel syndrome can cause permanent damage, so be sure to consult with your foot care professional. The podiatrists at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, in New York City, NY, are experts in providing the best care for any problems you may be experiencing with your feet and ankles. Sorelis Jimenez, DPM, John W. Fletcher, DPM, and Kamilla Danilova, DPM and the rest of the staff at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, are happy to help with any questions or concerns you may have. Check out our Ask The Doctor page for answers to frequently asked questions, and never hesitate to give us a call to talk or make an appointment at 212-845-9991.
The arches of your feet perform an important function—evening out the forces caused by weight-bearing activities before they reach the legs, knees, hips, and back. In fact, one of the major causes of back pain is poor gait mechanics caused by flat feet. Your arch is created by the tendons and tissues that connect the heel to the foot bones, and when these structures function abnormally the arch can fall.
Some of the symptoms and causes of flat feet include:
- Pain and discomfort—Your arches and heels will be painful, most often upon weight bearing, and your feet will get tired very easily. You may also experience swelling in the sole area, leg and back pain, and trouble standing on your toes comfortably.
- Causes—Some people are genetically predisposed to developing flat feet. Other causes are arthritis, nerve problems, broken bones, and issues with ligaments and tendons.
Some people have flat feet but do not show any symptoms. In this case, no treatment is necessary, but the condition should be monitored to prevent future complications. However, if you are experiencing pain and discomfort from flat feet, treatments that are available include the following:
- Orthotic inserts and braces for arch support and to treat other foot abnormalities such as bunions
- Resting and icing
- Anti-inflammatory medications can be applied topically or taken orally
- Physical therapy, stretching and flexibility exercises
If you are having continuing problems related to flat feet, see your foot doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. The podiatrists at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, in New York City, NY, are experts in providing the best care for any problems you may be experiencing with your feet and ankles. Sorelis Jimenez, DPM, John W. Fletcher, DPM, and Kamilla Danilova, DPM and the rest of the staff at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, are happy to help with any questions or concerns you may have. Check out our Ask The Doctor page for answers to frequently asked questions, and never hesitate to give us a call to talk or make an appointment at 212-845-9991.
A research team at the Institute for Aging Research in Boston, led by scientist Marian Hannan, has conducted a study that shows there is a correlation between having flat feet and back pain.
Hannan and her colleagues gathered data by asking their subjects, who were women in their 60’s, to walk across a special mat embedded with sensors. Their analysis showed that the participants with flat feet or who over-pronated were more likely to report experiencing pain in their lower backs.
Having flat feet can result in the development of numerous other irritating conditions. If you are flat-footed and want help with your discomfort, consider contacting podiatrist Dr. Sorelis Jimenez of Foot Health Podiatry. Dr. Jimenez can help determine what your problem is and suggest possible alternatives.
What are Flat Feet?
Flat feet are a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. Standing about 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arch never formed during growth.
Conditions & Problems:
Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.
Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.
Knees – if you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.
- Pain around the heel or arch area
- Trouble standing on the tip toe.
- Swelling around the inside of the ankle.
- Flat look to one or both feet.
- Having your shoes feel uneven when worn
If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. There are several ways to help treat this pain and help flat feet.
Barefoot- studies show that those who grew up going barefoot, wearing less closed-toe shoes have more of an arch. This so happens because the strength and fullness of the arch increased.
Exercise- the will strengthen and stretch the area, helping with the Achilles tendon.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office in New York, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.
Read more about Flat Feet.