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Posts for: August, 2017

By Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC
August 24, 2017
Tags: Toenail Fungus  

Toenail fungus can be an unsightly and odiferous condition for anyone, but individuals who have diabetes should be especially careful to avoid serious complications that could lead to amputation.

 

The fungus that causes toenail infections completely penetrates the bed of the nail, making it very difficult to eradicate once it has become established. Since fungal nails can become very brittle, they can break into sharp edges that can cut your feet and toes allowing bacteria to enter and an infection to start. Since patients with diabetes frequently have limited feeling in their extremities, these injuries can go unnoticed and even small cuts or scrapes can become dangerously infected ulcers.

 

Nail Care to Help Prevent Toenail Fungus

 

For those with diabetes, daily foot and nail care should be part of your routine. Here are some of the steps to include in your daily regimen:

 

  • Foot and nail check—Look for cuts and scrapes, bruising, or unusual skin conditions or coloration. Use a mirror to inspect the bottom of your feet. Your toenails should be pink with a smooth surface.
  • Wash and dry—Your feet need to be kept clean and dry, particularly between the toes where fungi can proliferate.
  • Foot protection—Always wear shoes and socks that are comfortable and properly fitted. When using public facilities such as gyms, locker rooms and pools, wear sandals or shower shoes to help avoid coming into contact with fungi and other pathogens.
  • Trimming—When cutting your nails, always trim straight across to avoid ingrown toenails and sterilize your tools with alcohol each time you use them to prevent the fungi from spreading.

 

When inspecting your feet, if you notice any changes to your nails or skin, it is important to bring it to the attention of your foot specialist to avoid further complications.

 

The podiatrists at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, in New York City, NY, are experts in providing the best care for any problems you may be experiencing with your feet and ankles. Sorelis Jimenez, DPM, John W. Fletcher, DPM, and Kamilla Danilova, DPM and the rest of the staff at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, are happy to help with any questions or concerns you may have. Check out our Ask The Doctor page for answers to frequently asked questions, and never hesitate to give us a call to talk or make an appointment at 212-845-9991.


By Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC
August 19, 2017
Tags: Untagged

A sudden, uncontrolled contraction of a muscle in your foot or leg is usually harmless but can be quite painful. Extended periods of work or exercise in hot weather can bring on cramping, so it is especially important during these hot summer days to stay properly hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids and seeking shade whenever possible.

 

Although overuse is one of the major causes of muscle cramping, it can also be triggered by keeping your foot or leg in one position for too much time, such as during long bus or train trips.

 

If you are experiencing persistent problems with leg or foot cramping, it may be a sign of a more serious medical condition. Some of these include:

 

Mineral imbalance—Your muscles need adequate amounts of calcium, magnesium, and potassium to function properly. Certain medications like high blood pressure treatments can have a diuretic effect causing these minerals to be depleted. Taking supplements can help alleviate this imbalance.

 

Low blood flow—A narrowing of the arteries that often occurs as we age can cause the extremities to experience a reduced blood supply that causes cramping during exercise or excessive use. Resting will often alleviate the cramping.

 

Compressed nerves—The nerves in the spine can become compressed in a condition called lumbar stenosis. This compression is often worse during walking or exercise and can often be mitigated by bending over slightly at the waist.

 

If you are experiencing continual foot or leg cramping that isn’t eased with rest and stretching exercises or that is accompanied by swelling, weakness, or redness, you may need to see your foot care specialist for correct diagnosis and treatment.

 

The podiatrists at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, in New York City, NY, are experts in providing the best care for any problems you may be experiencing with your feet and ankles. Sorelis Jimenez, DPM, John W. Fletcher, DPM, and Kamilla Danilova, DPM and the rest of the staff at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, are happy to help with any questions or concerns you may have. Check out our Ask The Doctor page for answers to frequently asked questions, and never hesitate to give us a call to talk or make an appointment at 212-845-9991.

 


By Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC
August 08, 2017
Tags: Bunions   heel pain   pregnancy   tendonitis  

The natural weight gain that is experienced during pregnancy puts a lot of extra pressure on the feet, ankles, knees and back. The constriction of blood vessels leads to excess fluid retention in the feet. Pregnancy also changes your center of gravity which can cause you to alter the way you walk. This may result in excessive pronation, which is an inward rolling of the foot and flattening of the arches. Left untreated, over pronation can lead to plantar fasciitis, bunions, heel pain and tendonitis. Additional problems with your knees, hips, and back may also occur.

The swelling, or edema, that occurs in the feet and lower legs during pregnancy is caused by decreased blood circulation that can cause the blood to pool around the feet and ankles. Water retention contributes to this swelling.

Some tips for decreasing edema include the following:

  • Elevation—Take breaks often and elevate your feet above your heart. This will help your circulatory system to function more normally and reduce swelling in your feet.
  • Shoes and socks—Always wear shoes that are supportive, roomy and comfortable. When shopping for shoes, go at the end of the day when your feet have fully expanded. Wear socks that aren’t too tight.
  • Stay hydrated—Avoid eating foods with too much sodium and drink a variety of healthy beverages.
  • Travel breaks—On long trips, take rest breaks and stretch your legs frequently to increase blood circulation.

Notify your doctor right away if you experience increased swelling in your hands and face as this may be a sign of preeclampsia which is a potentially serious rise in blood pressure. If the foot pain and swelling associated with pregnancy are slowing you down, contact your foot care specialist for relief.

The podiatrists at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, in New York City, NY, are experts in providing the best care for any problems you may be experiencing with your feet and ankles. Sorelis Jimenez, DPM, John W. Fletcher, DPM, and Kamilla Danilova, DPM and the rest of the staff at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, are happy to help with any questions or concerns you may have. Check out our Ask The Doctor page for answers to frequently asked questions, and never hesitate to give us a call to talk or make an appointment at 212-845-9991.

 

 

 


By Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC
August 02, 2017
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: turf toe   sesamoid bones  

Turf toe describes an injury that occurs to the joint at the base of the big toe where the joint capsule containing the sesamoid bones and ligaments is located.

Turf toe is very common in athletes who participate in field sports like football, baseball, and soccer and is even more common in those who play on artificial turf—hence the name. While turf toe injury can occur on any surface, the rapid running, jumping, and cutting movements on the hard surface of an artificial field make it even more likely that overextension or jamming of your toe will occur.

Treatment for turf toe consists of the following:

  • RICE—Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation.
  • Pain management—take ibuprofen or other over the counter pain medication.
  • Immobilization—This can be accomplished by taping the injured toe to the next one and by using a cast boot.
  • Crutches—eliminating weight by using crutches may be necessary during the initial healing process.

Turf toe can be minimized by wearing shoes that offer better support to avoid excess bending and force when pushing off. Shoe inserts may also help to stabilize and support the big toe joint.

A turf toe injury needs to be evaluated by a foot specialist to determine the best course of treatment. Since it can take a long time for a turf toe injury to heal properly, athletes should expect to be sidelined for several weeks. Improper healing can result in further complications such as joint stiffness and re injury. A period of follow-up physical therapy can help avoid these complications.

The podiatrists at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, in New York City, NY, are experts in providing the best care for any problems you may be experiencing with your feet and ankles. Sorelis Jimenez, DPM, John W. Fletcher, DPM, and Kamilla Danilova, DPM and the rest of the staff at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, are happy to help with any questions or concerns you may have. Check out our Ask The Doctor page for answers to frequently asked questions, and never hesitate to give us a call to talk or make an appointment at 212-845-9991.