Posts for category: Foot and Ankle Injuries
Pain, swelling and redness are symptoms of a foot injury. You should not ignore these problems, but instead, seek the help of your local podiatrist. At Foot Health Podiatry in Manhattan, NY, Dr. Sorelis Jimenez and Dr. John Fletcher treat patients for a variety of foot and ankle issues, including acute and overuse injuries. You can be back to full health and function with their expert help.
What's the most common foot injury?
It's the ankle sprain, a tearing of one or more of the three ligaments which support the ankle bones and help the ankle move and flex. Sudden twisting motions on uneven surfaces such as grass or an incline cause sprains.
Fortunately, sprains usually are self-limiting, says the American Podiatric Medical Association, and they heal themselves without surgery or casting. However, to be sure you have a mild sprain (which will not worsen or lead to ankle instability), see your Manhattan, NY, podiatrist for an examination, X-ray imaging and treatment plan.
Other foot injuries
Because feet are so complex and constantly used, they are prone to fractures from:
- Trauma (heavy object dropped on a toe, for instance)
- Overuse (stress fractures result from running)
- Structural weakness due to disease processes such as osteoporosis
These fractures may be closed, in which the bone ends remain joined, or open, where the bone ends separate and even pierce the skin. Open fractures may require surgery as do Jones fractures in which bleeding occur with the break.
Besides fractures, your podiatrists see and treat these foot injuries:
- Plantar fasciitis, an overstretching of the broad band of connective tissue which crosses the foot between the heel and the base of the toes
- Turf toe, a sprain of the big toe caused by repetitive upward stress or catching of the toe in grass or artificial turf
- Achilles tendinitis, a painful inflammation of the tendon which connects the calf muscle to the heel (the cause is rapid and intense physical activity)
Treat the pain and swelling associated with any foot injury immediately with this effective first aid protocol:
- Ice (20 minutes on and 20 minutes off)
- Compression (with an elastic bandage)
- Elevation (at heart level)
Also, to avoid injury, warm up before you exercise, and wear the right shoes for your activity. Proper support is key to keeping your feet and ankles healthy and functional.
If you experience a foot injury, call Dr. Jimenez or Dr. Fletcher at Foot Health Podiatry right away for advice and a same-day appointment if necessary. Call us at (212) 845-9991.
There are many sources of ankle pain due to the complex array of tendons, ligaments, tissues, and bones in the foot that are susceptible to painful and debilitating injury. The area of pain can radiate from the inside to the outside of the ankle, or along the Achilles tendon, where your lower leg and calf muscles connect to your heel bone.
Some of the most common ankle problems that cause pain include the following:
- Achilles tendonitis or rupture
- Broken ankle
- Peroneal tendonitis
- Plantar fasciitis
- Reactive arthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Sprained ankle
- Stress fractures
Even a seemingly minor ankle injury can bring on severe pain, swelling, redness, and stiffness.
Home remedies and treatment for ankle pain mainly consist of the RICE method:
- Rest—It is very important to take the weight off of the ankle.
- Ice—Apply an ice pack several times a day for 15-20 minutes.
- Compression—Wrap the ankle with a compression bandage to help reduce swelling.
- Elevation—Raising your foot above the level of your heart also reduces swelling.
Pain medications such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium can reduce discomfort and inflammation. In cases of fractures or other major problems, surgery may be necessary.
If your pain and discomfort are not alleviated after a couple of weeks, or if the swelling remains severe after several days, it may be a sign of a more difficult problem requiring the expertise of a foot care specialist to determine the precise cause of the pain and to make the best recommendations for treatment. The podiatrists at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, in New York City, NY, are experts in providing the best care for any problems you may be experiencing with your feet and ankles. Sorelis Jimenez, DPM, John W. Fletcher, DPM, and Kamilla Danilova, DPM and the rest of the staff at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, are happy to help with any questions or concerns you may have. Check out our Ask The Doctor page for answers to frequently asked questions, and never hesitate to give us a call to talk or make an appointment at 212-845-9991.
While your feet and ankles are robust and can usually take all the pressure and weight of your body day in and day out, something as unplanned as a simple miscalculation while negotiating a curb can result in an ankle sprain. A sprain occurs when the ligaments that hold your ankle bones together become excessively stretched or even torn, often causing severe pain.
The severity of ankle sprains can vary widely, and oftentimes people don’t take the injury as seriously as they should. Getting back into regular activities before the ankle has had enough time to heal can cause another injury that further weakens the tissues and ligaments. If this is repeated several times, a chronic condition of ankle instability can result that may be difficult or impossible to reverse. Always see your foot care professional for what may even feel like a minor sprain to be certain you aren’t creating future chronic problems for your feet and ankles.
Tips to avoid ankle sprains:
Avoiding ankle sprains in the first place is the best way to avoid chronic complications:
- The right footwear—Wearing shoes that are appropriate for the activity is essential to avoiding ankle stress. For example, you wouldn’t do your ankles any favors by wearing running shoes on the tennis court.
- Strengthening and flexing exercises—As part of your rehabilitation and recovery from a sprain, it is important to slowly increase strength and flexibility with a carefully planned physical therapy program.
- Balance training—Avoiding tripping and falling by improving your balance is a great way to be proactive. Try standing on one foot with your eyes closed and hold for 20 seconds. Repeat with the other foot.
If you have sprained your ankle, seek help from your foot doctor right away. The podiatrists at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, in New York City, NY, are experts in providing the best care for any problems you may be experiencing with your feet and ankles. Sorelis Jimenez, DPM, John W. Fletcher, DPM, and Kamilla Danilova, DPM and the rest of the staff at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, are happy to help with any questions or concerns you may have. Check out our Ask The Doctor page for answers to frequently asked questions, and never hesitate to give us a call to talk or make an appointment at 212-845-9991.
While there are a variety of breaks and fractures that can affect the feet and ankles, a condition that more frequently affects younger athletes is known as an avulsion fracture. Characterized by a small piece of bone tearing away with the injury to an overstressed ligament, this type of fracture can affect the hip, elbow and ankle areas. Since young athletes’ bones and ligaments are still undergoing development, they are more susceptible to this problem. While a minor avulsion break can often be treated with the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), more severe injuries will require reattachment by a skilled surgeon using pins, screws, or other hardware.
Signs that you may have a fracture in your foot include:
- Often a fracture may occur with a popping or cracking sound
- Swelling, bruising, and tenderness will occur rapidly at the site of the pain
- Inability to bear weight on the affected foot
- Difficulty taking your shoes on or off
- Any obvious protrusion and/or bleeding
Seek medical attention for a proper evaluation if any of the above problems occur. Soft tissue damage and hairline breaks may not be immediately obvious, so it is important to have your foot specialist do imaging studies for an accurate diagnosis and recommendations for treatment. Immobilization of the foot with a cast or boot may be necessary for proper healing to occur. After the boot comes off, a regimen of physical therapy exercises will be undertaken to increase strength and flexibility and decrease the chances of a recurrence.
The podiatrists at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, in New York City, NY, are experts in providing the best care for any problems you may be experiencing with your feet and ankles. Sorelis Jimenez, DPM, John W. Fletcher, DPM, and Kamilla Danilova, DPM and the rest of the staff at Foot Health Podiatry, PLLC, are happy to help with any questions or concerns you may have. Check out our Ask The Doctor page for answers to frequently asked questions, and never hesitate to give us a call to talk or make an appointment at 212-845-9991.
When training for your first marathon, it’s important to take the right steps to prepare properly. Giving yourself enough time to train is vital to building up your stamina as well as decreasing the risk of injury. Gradually increase how much you run each time; the “rule of thumb is to increase it by no more than 10 percent each week,” states okinawa.stripes.com. Chart a training plan to record your steps, ensure that you have proper rest after running, invest in properly-fitting running shoes, wear breathable fabric, make sure to hydrate continuously, and know your limits so you do not push your body and feet too hard.
Running injuries, even with proper precautions, can still occur in many runners. If you are suffering from a running injury, contact one of our podiatrists from Foot Health Podiatry. Our doctors will do everything possible to treat your condition.
How to Prevent Running Injuries
Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.
What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.
Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber, this will help you gain better flexibility.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in New York, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.