As bunions are “one of the more common foot deformities, with as many as one-quarter to one-third of adult Americans suffering from bunions,” they are characterized as deformities that develop on the side of the big toe bone. Also known as hallux valgus, bunions are a result of the metatarsal foot bones shifting inward toward the other toes, which can lead to irritation and discomfort in the feet. Research in a 2011 study published by the Foot Journal suggests that using manipulative therapy helped improve bunions at an early stage.
Bunions can be very troublesome if they are not treated correctly. If you are having problems with your bunions see one of our podiatrists from Foot Health Podiatry. Our doctors will attend to your foot and ankle needs.
What is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs by the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why do Bunions Form?
- Genetics – susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
- Stress on the feet – poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can cause bunions to form
How are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in New York, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.